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man and woman meeting

A: Whose phone is this?

B: It isn't mine.

Possessive Adjectives

Possessive adjectives are not pronouns, but they are important to learn before studying Possessive Pronouns below. Possessive Adjectives are used before nouns to identify the owner of something:

What is your name?

Jeff gave me his phone number.

I can't use my computer because its keyboard is broken.

Our classroom isn't very big.

Of & 's

Possessive adjectives are similar to using 's with nouns to show possession:

We can also show possession with of:

Using of to show possession is not common when talking about people:


Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns have the same meaning as a possessive adjective + noun:

Be careful! "His" is a possessive adjective, but it is also a possessive pronoun. This means "his" can be used with or without a noun:

Where's Paul? This is his jacket.

or

Where's Paul? This is his.

Notice the differences between subject pronouns, object pronouns, and possessive adjectives:

Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns Possessive Adjectives Possessive Pronouns
I me my mine
you you your yours
he him his his
she her her hers
it it its -
we us our ours
they them their theirs

Whose...?

Whose is used to ask about possession. It can be used with or without nouns:

Whose / Whose car is that?

(Is it your car? Is it Jeff's car? Is it Michelle's car?)

  • It's Jeff's.

Whose / Whose money is this?

Is it my money (mine)? Is it your money (yours)?

  • It is mine.

Exercise

Open the exercise to begin the activity. Follow the instructions in the document.

Exercise