man and woman meeting

I'm from Canada. Where are you from?

Be is the most important verb in English:

Jill and Cam are married.

Chris is not outside.

The door is closed.

I'm not from Russia. I'm from Ukraine.

Positive Negative
I am
25 years old. I am not
I'm not
25 years old.
You are
very nice. You are not
You're not
You aren't
very nice.
He is
my teacher. He is not
He's not
He isn't
my teacher.
She is
my friend. She is not
She's not
She isn't
my friend.
It is
cloudy today. It is not
It's not
It isn't
cloudy today.
We are
friends. We are not 
We're not
We aren't
They are
mine. They are not 
They're not
They aren't

Its & It's

In Grammar 1-1, we learned that its is a possessive adjective. It's usually means it is:

Look at the cat. Its eyes are blue.

I am from Canada. Its flag is red and white.

This is my new car. It's a Toyota.

My soup isn't very good, and it's cold.

Yes or No Questions & Answers

Put am, is, or are before the subject in questions:

Am I right?
Are you from China?
Is he at school?
Is she okay?
Is it sunny today?
Are we finished?
Are they outside?

The questions above can be answered the following ways:

Question Words

We can also make questions with be and what, where, why, who, when, how, and whose:

Whose jacket is this?
What is that?
Where is John?
Who are you?
When is lunch?
How are you?
Why are you so happy?
What time is it?
What is your name?

Often, English speakers make contractions with question words and is:


Open the exercise to begin the activity. Follow the instructions in the document.