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The simple present tense tells about things that are happening now. To make a sentence in the simple present, we use:

subject + base verb

When the subject of the sentence is he, she, it or a name, we need to add -s or -es to the end of the base verb.

Subject Base Form of Verb or Base Verb + 's' or 'es'  
I, You, He, She, It like, likes monkeys.
We, You, They like monkeys.

We can also use the simple present to make negative sentences by using:

subject + do not + base verb

In a negative sentence, when the subject of the sentence is he, she, it or a name, the verb stays the same but do not becomes does not.

Subject Do/Does not Base Form of Verb  
I, You Do not Like monkeys.
He, She, It Does not Like monkeys.
We, You, They Do not Like monkeys.

Remember, you can always use don't instead of do not or doesn't instead of does not.

Here are some examples of sentences that use the simple present.

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I eat ice cream with my friends.

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He does not like baths.

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I run with my favourite stick!

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We don't have enough space!

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They like coffee.

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I love you!

Exercise