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In a simple present sentence where he, she, it or a name is the subject, verbs can end in -s or -es depending on the way the verb ends.

For most words, just add -s to the end of the verb.

Verb Ending + s Examples
One or more consonants + s calls, sends, wants
One or more consonants + e + s likes, races, writes
-ie + s lies, dies, ties

For some words, however, you will need to add -es to the end of the verb.

Verb Ending + s Examples
-o + es goes, does, soloes
-sh, -ch, -tch, -x, -z, -ss + es kisses, watches, buzzes, fixes, splashes
consonant + y Change the -y to -ie and add s dries, flies, worries

It is also important to know that we pronounce words differently for different forms of -s and -es. Depending on the base verb, the ending can be pronounced as 's', 'z' or 'iz'.

Verb Ending Pronunciation Examples
Most consonant and vowel sounds z

goes

runs

p, t, k, or f sounds s

cooks

likes

laughs

s, z, ch, sh or x sounds iz

notices

touches

Exercise