A: Have you done your homework yet?
B: Well, I haven't finished it, but I'm doing it now.
Three Kinds of Verbs
1. Auxiliary Verbs: Be, Do, Have
These are used to change tenses or to make questions and negative sentences. Many teachers and students call auxiliary verbs “helping verbs” because they help the main verb of a sentence.
I don't like traveling to cold countries.
He has already seen the movie.
Are they leaving now?
2. Modal Auxiliary Verbs: Can, Will, May, Should, etc.
These are similar to the auxiliary verbs be, do, and have because they help a main verb in a sentence. They are different because they each have a special meaning.
In the following examples, may means maybe, can't means impossible or unable, and should is asking for advice:
It may rain tonight.
We can't get to the airport in five minutes.
Should I pay a tip for that in Italy?
3. Full Verbs: Go, Play, Sing, etc.
These are all the other verbs in the English language. We can also call these verbs the main verbs of a sentence. It is very important to realize that be, do, and have also have full verb meanings. In the following sentences, be, do, and have are full verbs and not auxiliary verbs:
I did my homework last night.
Is he sick today?
Let's have lunch together!
We didn't sing any of my favourite songs.
They go to yoga after work.
Do we play basketball tonight?
Auxiliary Verbs: Do (do, does, did)
Now, let's look more at the auxiliary verbs be, do, and have:
Do, does, or did are used in both Present Simple and Past Simple sentences to make questions and negative sentences. In positive sentences, the Present Simple or Past Simple do not use auxiliary verbs. In negative sentences and questions, the main verb takes the base form.
- Negative: He doesn't have any brothers or sisters.
- Question: Do all birds fly south for the winter?
- Positive (no auxiliary verb): I always put milk in my coffee.
- Negative: It didn't snow here last year.
- Question: Did you buy anything yesterday?
- Positive (No auxiliary verb): I saw that movie three times last year.
Auxiliary Verbs: Be (am, is, are, was, were, been)
be + (not) + verb-ing
Continuous sentences describe actions in progress or temporary activities. Please note the use of be even in positive sentences.
- Positive: I am feeling much better today.
- Question: Are you coming to the party tonight?
- Negative: We aren't doing anything at the moment.
- Positive: They were studying in class when it started to snow.
- Question: Was she sleeping at 10pm?
- Negative:The wind wasn't blowing hard then.
be + (not) + past participle
Passive sentences take the auxiliary verb be with a past participle.
Those phones are made in China.
(Present Simple Passive)
The Internet was invented in the 1960s.
(Past Simple Passive)
Has his room been cleaned recently?
(Present Perfect Simple Passive)
Auxiliary Verbs: Have (have, has, had)
Have + (not) + past participle
Perfect sentences take the auxiliary verb have with a past participle.
I haven't seen that movie.
(Present Perfect Simple)
They have been studying really hard for the exam.
(Present Perfect Continuous)
Had he eaten breakfast before coming to school?
Open the exercise to begin the activity. Follow the instructions in the document.