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Active and Passive

Passive sentences move the focus of the sentence from the subject to the object.

Possible reasons for using the passive are:

The agent is not important

The agent isn't known

The agent is not needed or already understood

Review - The Active and Passive Voices (Part 1)

Review - The Active and Passive Voices (Part 1)

Because of the above reasons, it is usually not important to include "by + agent" at the end of a passive sentence.

In informal language, we can avoid using the passive by using the impersonal subjects like "you" or "they." In this meaning, we use the following subjects:

It is very common for past participles to be used as adjectives.

Review - The Active and Passive Voices (Part 2)

Review - The Active and Passive Voices (Part 2)


Exercise

Open the exercise to begin the activity. Follow the instructions in the document.